At EEA and Eionet we have to deal with lots of complex subjects and therefore have created our own special language loaded with abbreviations and acronyms. Here their meanings are given. EEA also has a full glossary of all kinds of environmental terms at http://glossary.eea.europa.eu/.
An application programming interface (API) is a source code interface that a computer system or program library provides to support requests for services to be made of it by a computer program.
Btw., an anacronym is an acronym or an abbreviation so old or familiar that no one remembers what its letters stand for, such as "foobar".
Originally, a clearing-house was the depository and discount warehouse for traders leaving a 16th century marketplace in England and wanting to go home without unsold surplus stock. The word was taken quite literally those days. It meant a place for clearance. Later, the word has been adopted to describe any network of information exchange. See also: http://www.cbd.int/chm/.
The software application developed for Eurostat by European Dynamics with the sponsorship of IDA
The electronic workplace of Eionet consisting of many interlinked, customised installations of CIRCA and other services linked to it, supporting it, and integrated by it.
A tool used to input and validate data for a harmonised data collection scheme
Concept of the chain of causal links for environment adopted by the EEA (first developed as PSR by OECD).
A definition for a harmonised representation of content in XML and SGML
A periodically refreshed copy (snapshot) of the data in a database, created specifically to allow external users to query the database.
The legal entity founded by the Treaty Establishing the European Community, formerly called the Treaty of Rome. See also: http://europa.eu.int/abc/obj/treaties/en/entoc05.htm.
See also: http://www.eea.europa.eu.
The political entity founded by the Treaty on European Union, also known as the Treaty of Maastricht. See also: http://europa.eu.
The information system of the ETC on Biodiversity. See also: http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/.
See also: http://www.eionet.europa.eu.
A knowledge base of recurring problems and their standard solutions typically faced by computer users. See also: http://nmc.eionet.europa.eu/faq/.
Global Earth Observation System of Systems, intergovernmental programme; core architecture in alignment with OpenGIS Consortium (metadata/catalogue) standards.
Support Action to the European Commission (EC) for identification and definition of needs to enable a full integration of INSPIRE, GMES, and GEOSS architectures.
The key document required by sponsors such as IDABC for steering its projects.
HTML is the set of markup symbols or codes inserted in a file intended for display on a World Wide Web browser page. The markup tells the Web browser how to display a Web page's words and images for the user. Each individual markup code is referred to as an element (but many people also refer to it as a tag). Some elements come in pairs that indicate when some display effect is to begin and when it is to end.
The Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) is the set of rules for exchanging files (text, graphic images, sound, video, and other multimedia files) on the World Wide Web.
Collaboration areas for projects in CIRCA.
Directive 2007/2/EC of the European Parliament and Council establishing the Infrastructure for Spatial Information in the European Community. Normative implementing rules and informative guidance documents on the aspects of metadata, interoperability, network services, data and service sharing are or will be adopted.
The Joint Research Centre is the European Union's scientific and technical research laboratory and an integral part of the European Commission. See also: http://www.jrc.it/.
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a software protocol for enabling anyone to locate organizations, individuals, and other resources such as files and devices in a network, whether on the Internet or on a corporate intranet.
This is a different set from the EEA member countries that also include Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway, and from the beginning of 2001, also the 13 candidate countries from Central and Eastern Europe.
The word meta derives from Greek, meaning "among, with, after, change" and the prefix carries the meaning of "more comprehensive or fundamental".
In most IT contexts it means "an underlying definition or description." Thus, metadata is a definition or description of data (such as an entity-relationship data model), and metainformation is a definition or description of information (such as the Dublin core element set, or CIRCA library attributes, which are attached to documents).
The above examples use the word in its "dictionary aspect" (what is). It sometimes also used in a "registry aspect" (where is).
The organisation appointed to maintain the EIONET telematics network and provide helpdesk services for EIONET users. See also: http://nmc.eionet.europa.eu/.
OpenGIS Consortium leading the development of standards for geospatial and location based services.
PCPs are responsible at national level for coordinating requests or invitations coming from EEA or ETCs for specific topics. The initial correspondence (email, fax or traditional mail) concerning requests and invitations must be sent to the PCP with a copy to the National Focal Point. Member countries decide on a topic by topic basis whether the PCP is a National Reference Centre or the National Focal Point.
See also: http://rod.eionet.europa.eu/.
An XML data type definition that describes a channel used in portals.
Suite of IT tools optimised to support the business processes of a data collection network building on a shared information infrastructure.
See also: http://www.eionet.europa.eu/seris/.
A contractual document adopted by a service provider and a customer or users about the quality of services and responsibilities of the parties.
SQL is a standard interactive and programming language for getting information from and updating a database. Although SQL is both an American National Standards Institute and an International Organization for Standardization standard, many database products support SQL with proprietary extensions to the standard language. Queries take the form of a command language that lets you select, insert, update, find out the location of data, and so forth. There is also a programming interface.
Repository for computer source code with version control
See also: http://ted.europa.eu.
TESTA II is the backbone of IDA's IP network.
Nowadays telematics is mainly used to mean customised systems that communicate with moving vehicles. Before Internet era, it was often used to describe any network. What we know today as e-EIONET was once called "EIONET's telematic network".
Unified Modelling Language is a standard notation for the modelling of real-world objects as a first step in developing an object-oriented program.
A set of extensions to the HTTP protocol, which allows users to collaboratively edit and manage files on remote web servers.
The Extensible HyperText Markup Language, or XHTML, is a markup language that has the same depth of expression as HTML, but with a syntax that conforms to XML syntax.
XML (Extensible Markup Language) is a flexible way to create common information formats and share both the format and the data on the World Wide Web, intranets, and elsewhere. For example, computer makers might agree on a standard or common way to describe the information about a computer product (processor speed, memory size, and so forth) and then describe the product information format with XML. Such a standard way of describing data would enable a user to send an intelligent agent (a program) to each computer maker's Web site, gather data, and then make a valid comparison. XML can be used by any individual or group of individuals or companies that wants to share information in a consistent way.
XSL is a language for creating a specification that describes how data sent over the Web using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) is to be presented to the user. For example, in an XML page that describes the characteristics of one or more automobiles for an insurance company, a set of open and close "" tags might contain the name of an auto manufacturer. Using XSL, you could tell the Web browser that the auto manufacturer name should be displayed, where to display it on a page, and that it should be displayed in a bold font. XSL is based on and extends the Document Style Semantics and Specification Language (Document Style Semantics and Specification Language) and the Cascading Style Sheet (Cascading Style Sheet, level 1) standards.
Earlier also known as Eionet's telematic network.
Document last modified 2009/03/31. Content in this portal is modified daily by a community of providers.