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mutasyon

Definition: *
A change in the chemical constitution of the DNA in the chromosomes of an organism: the changes are normally restricted to individual genes, but occasionally involve serious alteration to whole chromosomes. When a mutation occurs in gametes or gametocytes an inherited change may be produced in the characteristics of the organisms that develop from them. Mutation is one of the ways in which genetic variation is produced in organisms. A somatic mutation is one that occurs to a body cell, and is consequently past on to all the cells derived from it by mitosis. Natural mutations, at this stage of biological evolution, when they occur in the cells of higher animals, almost always produce deleterious characteristics. Both natural and artificial mutations can be brought about by ionizing radiation (hence the genetic and carcinogenic dangers of nuclear weapons) and by certain chemical substances called mutagens.
* Note: Definition is not available for the current language
broader terms
biyolojik süreç
narrower terms
mutant
related terms
gen
  mutajenisite
Scope note:
scope note is not available
Groups:
BİYOSFER (canlılar, ekosistemler)
Themes:
biyoloji
Other relations:
Has exact match
AGROVOC: mutation
Wikipedia article
Mutation
Has close match
UMTHES: Mutation
Arabic: تطفير
Basque: mutazio
Bulgarian: Мутация
Catalan: mutació
Chinese: 变异
Croatian: mutacija
Czech: mutace
Danish: mutation
Dutch: mutatie
English: mutation
English (US): mutation
Estonian: mutatsioon
Finnish: mutaatio, muutos
French: mutation
German: Mutation
Greek: μετάλλαξη
Hungarian: mutáció
Irish: sóchán
Italian: mutazione
Latvian: mutācija
Lithuanian: mutacija
Maltese: mutazzjoni
Norwegian: mutasjon
Polish: mutacja
Portuguese: mutação
Romanian: mutaţie
Russian: мутация
Slovak: mutácia
Slovenian: mutacija
Spanish: mutación
Swedish: mutation
Ukrainian: мутація
Concept URL: <http://www.eionet.europa.eu/gemet/concept/5462>