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Quotes and citations

Once in a while, when writing, you'll want to quote a source on the subject. When so, and you want it to stand out, use the <blockquote> element:

Cogito, ergo sum (I think, therefore I am)

René Descartes

This quote was chosen as the example because it is so short. It is coded as:

  <p>Cogito, ergo sum (I think, therefore I am)</p>
  <p>—<cite>René Descartes</cite></p>

But of course, in a world of the Internet, artificial intelligence and the The Matrix movies, Descartes’ metaphysical question — Do we exist or are we living in a computer simulation — the quote is quite relevant.

Inline quotations

Use the <q> element: Cogito, ergo sum. Most visual browsers will insert quotation marks where <q> and </q> are used, however Internet Explorer will not. We have therefore fixed IE with a little bit of Javascript.


<cite> is used to reference a citation of a source, an author or a publication. It is an inline element. It was used around René Descartes in the above example.


In Groundwork of the Metaphysic of Morals (<cite>), the German philosopher Immanuel Kant (<cite>) wrote: Act in such a way that you treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of another, always at the same time as an end never simply as a means. (<q>) By this statement he means; that you must in all actions respect the other person as a person—not exploit your fellow man as a means to your own end, for every human is as a human his own end. Or to use the syntactic structure of another known philosopher: Respect your neighbour as yourself! (<q>)