NRC on Biodiversity

Profile 2018 - 2020

Rationale

The driving policy for this area is the first objective under the 7EAP – to protect, conserve and enhance the European Union’s natural capital – together with the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020  (BD2020)– Our Life insurance, our natural capital. This strategy includes six mutually supportive and interdependent targets that cover:

  1. Full implementation of EU nature legislation to protect biodiversity
  2. Better protection for ecosystems, and more use of green infrastructure
  3. More sustainable agriculture and forestry
  4. Better management of fish stocks
  5. Tighter controls on invasive alien species
  6. A bigger EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss.

The BD 2020 calls for an improvement of the biodiversity knowledge base and includes specific actions to improve monitoring and reporting in the EU legislation on Nature, the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) as well as the Cohesion Policy.  The CAP, forestry, CFP and marine aspects are to be covered under other respective NRC profiles. 

 This NRC merges the [NRC D&I] and [NRC I&A]. This streamlines the biodiversity component, allowing consideration and discussion of all aspects of the MDIAK chain model (Monitoring, Data, Indicators, Assessment and Knowledge collection) in a single forum. The topics discussed range from monitoring, data and information like reporting activities that sustain the main data-sets supported by the EEA, to activities enhancing the knowledge base (indicators, assessments and knowledge)

 Key activities, for which NRC inputs are envisaged relate to the Implementation of the Nature Directives, Target 1 and 2 of the Biodiversity Strategy to 2020, the indicators (SEBI) and the assessments in support of the different targets from a nature and biodiversity perspective, including target 3 on agriculture and forests.

 The BD 2020 is aligned to the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) process, and is designed to deliver against the CBD's clear global commitments to biodiversity and its respective targets, as established at COP 10.  The EIONET plays a central role in delivering to the CBD clearing house mechanism (which is a global biodiversity information database), and reporting to the CBD (i.e. the 6th national reports due 2018). Delivering this role requires working beyond the EU Countries. Another engagement beyond EU 27 policies is the engagement with the Council of Europe and the Emerald Network. 

While the ETC-BD (together with EEA and Commission) is very involved in the data collection and processing, the EEA maintains the data and information systems to transfer and visualise data and information.

Expertise

    • Hands-on expertise on monitoring, reporting and data collection related to EUNIS, CDDA, Natura 2000.
    • Principle understanding of the reporting activities under the Nature Directives, to relate to and intellectually follow respective national activities as assigned under the directives, like the monitoring, data collection, mobilisation and transfer of data on species, habitats and sites (including agriculture and forest related aspect, though details in this respect will be covered by the respective NRCs on agriculture and Forests).
    • Expert knowledge of data and information systems within a SEIS perspective and INSPIRE compliance.
    • Expert knowledge on information systems for Biodiversity and national CHM management in support of Biodiversity Information System for Europe (BISE)
    • Broad involvement on the national implementation of the EU biodiversity strategy and knowledge of country reporting to the CBD.
    • National and European institutional knowledge of biodiversity and ecosystems policies.
    • Broad knowledge of Biodiversity aspects linking the Water Framework Directive (WFD) and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) with the objectives of the BD 2020 and Nature Directives.
    • Impacts of sector policies on biodiversity and ecosystems
    • Broad knowledge of SOER and other assessment processes
    • Experience on indicator development related to Biodiversity (SEBI) in relation to the EU and Global biodiversity 2020 targets
    • Involvement in national assessments of progress towards the 2020 targets
    • Involvement in Ecosystems services assessments at national and European level (across all types of ecosystems)
    • Involvement in sub-global and regional ecosystems assessments platforms and projects (IPBES, MA sub-global assessments, TEEB, EU MAES working group

    Policy processes to be supported

    • EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020 (BD 2020), its Common Implementation Framework, CGBN, Work towards the final evaluation and a post 2020 biodiversity policy
    • CBD national reporting e.g. 6th NR in 2018.
    • Nature Directives (incl. combined Habitats and Ornis committees, NADEG and its expert work on reporting)
    • EU Regulation on Invasive Alien Species (IAS)
    • INSPIRE
    • Biodiversity indicator development (SEBI) including streamlining with forest, agri-environment, resources efficiency and sustainable development sets of indicators
    • 7th EAP implementation (Objective 1)
    • Climate change mitigation and its relation to ecosystems and biodiversity
    • Other European and global processes reinforcing the knowledge base for biodiversity e.g. IPBES and SDG 15.

    Expected input and contributions from the NRC in 2018 - 2020

    Priority Data flows operated by the NRC:

    • Nationally Designated Areas (CDDA, including MPAs)

    Review of and comment on EEA products relating to data delivery incl. Priority data flows:

    • Support EUNIS on streamlining data on species, habitats and sites
    • NATURA2000 and reporting under Art 17 and Art 12 of the Habitats and Birds Directives
    • Support the cooperation with the council of Europe regarding reporting on EMERALD sites
    • Support EEA reports incl. SOER specifically and other products with country data

    Review of and comment on EEA products:

    • EEA Reports and EEA Technical Reports
    • Draft EEA briefings, messages, indicator reports

    Updates of EEA indicator fact sheets (SEBI, CSI, , or others as appropriate).

    Relevant organisations and networks

    EU bodies

    • DG ENV-D1+2
    • CGBN and MS working groups under BD2020 and nature directives incl. MAES working group
    • Other DGs like JRC, Eurostat, Agri or Clima,
    • DG Research & Innovation, incl. European Platform for Biodiversity Research Strategy (EPBRS) and H2020 Research Programme
    • Copernicus programme and network

    Beyond EU and globally:

    • Council of Europe, secretariat of the Bern Convention
    • CBD-COP and SBBSTA, incl. IPBES
    • UNECE
    • FAO
    • OECD
    • UNEP

    NGO and research networks

    • European Nature Conservation Agencies Network (ENCA)
    • IUCN, Birdlife and other NGO type organisations
    • GBIF, LifeWatch and other global or regional data infrastructures
    • Catalogue of Life and other data hubs
    • GeoBON and other research projects and initiatives

    Data delivery:

    • Emerald Network
    • Natura 2000 sites (Habitats Directive)
    • Natura 2000 sites (Birds Directive)
    • Nationally designated areas (CDDA)