Environmental impacts and impact on the electricity market of a large scale introduction of electric cars in Europe - Critical Review of Literature ETC/ACC TEchnical Paper 2009/4

27 Nov 2009

Iulian Petchesi

Appendix to the paper: Overview of Reviewed Literature

The purpose of this report is a broad literature review on electric cars and their environmental impacts. Aspects covered are the energy storage systems, the different vehicle concepts under development, a market overview of EVs, a discussion of the business models for the introduction and operation of electric cars, the EV potential with regard to use pattern and driving behaviour, market penetration scenarios, and the impact on CO2 emissions considering average emission factors, the interaction with the electricity market and the EU legislation.

Prepared by: Florian Hacker, Ralph Harthan, Felix Matthes, Wiebke Zimmer (Öko-Institut e.V., Berlin, Germany) as partners of the ETC/ACC Consortium

Coordinated by: David Delcampe (EEA - transport & energy group)

Published by: ETC/ACC, July 2009, 169 pp.