Impacts of climate change on snow, ice, and permafrost in Europe: Observed trends, future projections, and socio-economic relevance ETC/ACC Technical Paper 2010/13

02 Mar 2011

Iulian Petchesi

The analysis of the state of the cryosphere in Europe is based on in-situ and remote sensing observations, and modelling. The paper covers Svalbard, Iceland, Scandinavia, the European Alps, the Tatra Mountains, the Pyrenees, as well as the Baltic Sea. It assesses the primary impact of climate change on the cryospheric components such as snow cover, glaciers and ice caps, permafrost, lake and river ice, and sea ice; as well as related secondary impacts on avalanches, landslides and rock slope failures, and glacier floods.

Prepared by: Thomas Voigt1, Hans-Martin Füssel2, Isabelle Gärtner-Roer3, Christian Huggel3, Michael Zemp3, Christoph Marty4

1 Federal Environment Agency (UBA-D), Dessau, Germany(*); 2 European Environment Agency (EEA), Copenhagen, Denmark; 3 University of Zurich (UZH), Switzerland; 4 WSL-Institut für Schnee- und Lawinenforschung (SLF), Davos, Switzerland;
(*) ETC/ACC Consortium partner institute

Published by: ETC/ACC, February 2011, 117 pp.