ETC CM report 2023/04: Fluorinated greenhouse gases 2023

Data reported by companies on the production, import, export and destruction of fluorinated greenhouse gases in the European Union, 2007-2022

23 Oct 2023

Sylvie Ludig (Öko-Institut), Wolfram Jörß (Öko-Institut), Victoria Liste (Öko-Institut)

EEA project manager: Peder Gabrielsen 


This annual report of the European Environment Agency (EEA) provides a summary of the information reported on the production, import, export and destruction of fluorinated greenhouse gases (F-gases) in the European Union since 2007 as required by the EU F-gases Regulation 517/2014 (FGR) and previously under Regulation 842/2006:

Each year, under the requirements of FGR Article 19, companies that produce, import, export or destroy F-gases, or that use F-gases as feedstock, as well as companies importing products or equipment containing F-gases, must report information relating to the respective amounts of gases or gas mixtures. Furthermore, where applicable, intended uses of gases supplied to the EU market or to types of products or equipment must be reported.

F-gases subject to reporting are 19 hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), 7 perfluorocarbons (PFCs), sulphur hexafluoride (SF6), 5 unsaturated hydro(chloro)fluorocarbons (H(C)FCs), 34 fluorinated ethers (HFEs) and alcohols, and 4 other perfluorinated compounds, including nitrogen trifluoride (NF3), as specified in FGR Annex I and Annex II.

The present report presents aggregated trends for 2007 to 2022 on production, import, export and destruction of F-gases based on reporting provided by the companies, as well as data assessments related to trends in the supply of F-gases and EU compliance with the HFC phase-down schemes under the FGR and under the Montreal Protocol.

Since 2012, the European Commission has given the responsibility for collecting, archiving and evaluating the data reported by companies to the European Environment Agency (EEA). The reporting process is executed through the EEA’s online platform, the Business Data Repository (BDR). Technical support for the F-gas reporting process as well as data assessment is provided by the EEA’s European Topic Centre on Climate Change Mitigation (ETC/CM).