ETC/ICM Report 2/2016: European assessment of eutrophication abatement measures across land-based sources, inland, coastal and marine waters

21 Dec 2016

Nils Hettich

This report provides an overview of measures to reduce nutrient pollution from point and diffuse sources. In order to exemplify different eutrophication abatement strategies eight case study regions were selected for a detailed analysis: Denmark, Finland, the Po river basin, the Ebro river basin, the Rhine river basin, Lake Constance, the Danube river basin and the Baltic Sea. Eutrophication was a significant problem in these regions and they illustrate how the responsible authorities approached the pollution problem, and how they developed and implemented eutrophication control programmes. The case study regions cover i) different European regions, ii) lakes, rivers, coastal and marine waters, iii) national and transboundary settings, and iv) examples of interlinkages between freshwater and coastal/marine water management. 

The case studies are analysed in view of different aspects such as governance issues (cooperation between sectors and the role of river basin commissions), the role of research, stakeholder participation, choice of measures and funding instruments (e.g. voluntary versus mandatory measures) and time lag effects of measures taken. The report demonstrates the lessons learnt from the case studies and concludes with an analysis of progress achieved and remaining implementation gaps. 

Prepared by:

ETC/ICM members: Ralf Ibisch, Katja Westphal, Dietrich Borchardt (UFZ), Josselin Rouillard, Evelyn Lukat, Benjamin Boteler (Ecologic), Anne Lyche Solheim, Kari Austnes (NIVA), Wera Leujak, Ursula Schmedtje (UBAD).

Published by: ETC/ICM, December 2016, 98 pp.