ETC Water Report 2/2010: Freshwater Eutrophication Assessment

This report provides an assessment of eutrophication in freshwaters throughout Europe. It is intended as extended background material to the nutrient and eutrophication issues described in a more con-densed form in the Water Quality assessment within the EEA’s 2010 State of Europe’s Environment report. This report describes: - detrimental impacts that eutrophication causes (ecosystem health, economic costs etc.); - factors driving eutrophication including the various sources of nutrients and the pressure on the wa-ter environment that they exert; - current state and recent trends in freshwater nutrient quality as reflected by nutrient concentrations; - impacts of excessive nutrient levels upon freshwater biota and ecosystems – including the current biological state; and - an analysis of the response or measures that can be implemented to tackle eutrophication, including case studies that illustrate the impact of measure(s) upon the state and impact

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