Country profiles on Circular Economy in Europe

ETC/CE Reports 2022/5: Circular economy country profiles

A set of 30 country profiles that summarise policies and initiatives in the area of circular economy.

Publication date: December 2022

 

Prepared by:
Bart Ullstein, Bettina-Bahn Walkowiak, Jens Günther, Jiri Valta, Åsa Romson, Jenny von Bahr, Susanna Paleari, Theo Geerken, Veronique Van Hoof and Evelien Dils (ETC/CE) and Peder Jensen and Daniel Montalvo (EEA).

 

At the request of The European Commission EEA has produced EU country profiles that offer an updated view of circular economy policies being implemented at a national level with a particular focus on elements that go beyond EU mandatory elements, and best practice with a focus on policy innovation.

While implementing the EU Circular Economy Action Plan (CEAP 2020), Member States are encouraged to advance circularity at a national level by adopting policies and initiatives that go beyond EU regulations, while preserving the Single Market.

These circular economy country profiles are based on information reported by the Eionet network and, in particular, the Eionet Group on Circular Economy and Resource Use in the second quarter of 2022. The information was reviewed and edited by the European Topic Centre on Circular economy and resource use (ETC CE). A selection of Eurostat data was made to further complement this country profile.

The information is current as of September 2022 (final review) when members of Eionet verified the content of this profile.

Download the best practices reports:

Circular Economy policy innovation and good practice in Member States

Circular Economy policy innovation and good practice in Kosovo, Switzerland and Türkiye

Download country profiles: 

 Austria

Circular economy country profile - Austria

 Belgium

Circular economy country profile - Belgium

 Bulgaria

Circular economy country profile - Bulgaria

 Croatia

Circular economy country profile - Croatia

 Cyprus

Circular economy country profile - Cyprus

 Czechia

Circular economy country profile - Czechia

 Denmark

Circular economy country profile - Denmark

 Estonia

Circular economy country profile - Estonia

 Finland

Circular economy country profile - Finland

 France

Circular economy country profile - France

 Germany

Circular economy country profile - Germany

 Greece

Circular economy country profile - Greece

 Hungary

Circular economy country profile - Hungary

 Ireland

Circular economy country profile - Ireland

 Italy

Circular economy country profile - Italy

 Kosovo

Circular economy country profile - Kosovo

 Latvia

Circular economy country profile - Latvia

 Lithuania

Circular economy country profile - Lithuania

 Malta

Circular economy country profile - Malta

 Netherlands

Circular economy country profile - Netherlands

 Poland

Circular economy country profile - Poland

 Portugal

Circular economy country profile - Portugal

 Romania

Circular economy country profile - Romania

 Slovakia

Circular economy country profile - Slovakia

 Slovenia

Circular economy country profile - Slovenia

 Spain

Circular economy country profile - Spain

 Sweden

Circular economy country profile - Sweden

 Switzerland

Circular economy country profile - Switzerland

 Türkiye

Circular economy country profile - Türkiye